Cultural Landsacpes – Zoos, Botanical Gardens, Landscapes, and Other Cultural Heritage Sites: A Review of The Literature

This week we again went over the Cultural Landscape Foundation and their efforts to preserve buildings, landscapes, parks, and other historic sites that are a part of our past and culture.

The second site we reviewed was World Heritage Sites in the U.S.  I’d never realized that some of our national parks and state parks are considered World Heritage Sites.  These include the Everglades National Park here in Florida, Independence Hall, The Statue of Liberty, Monticello, and numerous other National Parks.  World Heritage sites are all over the world, and member countries submit a list for approval to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.

Next on the list is Parkitecture.  I think that Parkitecture has hit the nail on the head, so to speak, when it comes to designing the structures and roads of the National Parks.  “Architects, landscape architects and engineers combined native wood and stone with convincingly ‘native’ styles to create visually appealing structures that seems to fit naturally within the majestic landscapes.”  Parkitecture “celebrates the concept of designing with nature.”  From what I can see of the pictures on the website, the architects did a great job of making the roads and structures fit in with the natural landscape.  The Park’s gateway entrances, information centers, lodgings, support facilities, and roads have all been beautifully designed with local architecture and the natural landscape in mind making them seamlessly fit into the landscape.  By doing this, they preserve the integrity of the landscape and park and preserve the area as well.  I’ve never visited any of the parks, but I hope to one day and can’t wait to see the structures for myself.

Lastly, is the Center for Folklore and Cultural Heritage at the Smithsonian.  The Center is a ” research and educational unit of the Smithsonian Institution promoting the understanding and continuity of diverse, contemporary grassroots cultures in the United States and around the world.”  Their Folklife Festival celebrates cultures from around the world, this year’s being Hungarian, endangered languages, and African American diversity, style, and identity.  Their programs help to preserve various cultures here and around the world.



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